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Search Vital Records
Look in the Census
- Census records group families together and provide valuable clues for further research.
- Clues in Census Records will tell you what you can find in census records 1790-1940, along with links to online indexes (and online census images).
- What Census Records Are Online? - this webpage has links to numerous online census indexes and images.
- Year of immigration is provided in the 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930 censuses.
- Be aware that census records occasionally contain errors.
- US Census records from 1790-1840 only name the head-of-household. Other family members are grouped together by age and gender, but not named. When researching in this time frame, other records besides the census become increasingly important. See the next section for examples.
Do a place search in the FamilySearch Catalog for your ancestor's county and/or city of residence and look to see what other kinds of records they may have such as...
Find your Immigrant Ancestor (tips for finding your ancestor's German hometown)
- Probate Records - wills list heirs (often spouse and children) and can help determine family relationships.
- Land and Property Records
- Church Records - you can sometimes find baptism, marriage and death listings.
Before taking your research back to Germany you will need to find the name of the specific place (city, town or village) where your immigrant ancestor lived. Here are some suggestions for finding a German place of origin for your ancestor.
Locating a German Place
- Ship Passenger Lists and Records
- Other Sources
- American church records sometimes give the place of origin of immigrant
- Sometimes church records for German churches in America will list the place of birth of the parents in the baptismal records of their children
- If you don't know which church your ancestor attended look for churches near the address of where he or she lived - you can sometimes find addresses in census records and city directories
- Death Certificates usually give place of birth (sometimes just the country, but sometimes the town is given)
- Obituaries - search the local newspaper(s) where your ancestor died a day or more after the date of death
- Obituaries in American German language newspapers - check at a library in the area your ancestor lived
- Grave markers - this is not very common, but occasionally you will find a person's birthplace on his or her gravestone
- Naturalization Records (especially if Naturalized after Sept. 1906; pre-Sept. 1906 naturalizations generally do not name the town)
- County Histories and Biographies
- Family tradition - ask your relatives
- World War I Draft Registration Cards (for men born from Sept 11, 1872 to Sept 12, 1900) Nearly 11 million (men born about June 1886 to June 1897) of the 24 million total draft cards asked for location of birth (town, state, nation).
- Locating a Place of Origin in Germany from FamilySearch is a helpful resource
- Germany Births and Baptisms 1558-1898, Marriages 1558-1929, and other records at FamilySearch
- German Emigration Lists (lists of people who applied to leave Germany)
- International Genealogical Index (IGI) from FamilySearch
- You can download a printable PDF version of this part of the outline from:
Genealogy Roots Blog Files: Finding your German Ancestor's Hometown
Once you know the name of a town or city, you might try locating it on a map and determining the German state it is in.
Records in Germany
- This website's Finding Places Webpage has links to helpful information about German towns and villages, including an online Gazetteer.
After you have determined the town or village where your ancestor lived in Germany, you might check to see if the Latter Day Saints Family History Library/FamilySearch has records available from that particular place.
- Types of Records to Look For
- Church Records
- Civil Records
- Other Records such as emigration lists
- How to find some of these records at FamilySearch
- Do a "place search" in the FamilySearch Catalog for the village or place you are looking for.
- Look for topics such as "church records" and "civil registration," but always look at every topic to see what kinds of records they have that may help you.
- Look for the camera icon to see if the records are viewable online.
- German Genealogy Records and Indexes Online
- Reading These Records
You will find that most German Catholic church records are in Latin, while Evangelical (Lutheran) records can be in either Latin or German. And the records are ususally written in the old German script, which many researchers find difficult to read.
- Writing Letters to Germany
If the records you need are not online or available from FamilySearch, then you might have to write or email the appropriate place in Germany.